Time for some scienceeeeeee! (ノ◕ヮ◕)ノ*:・゚✧

Although a lot of chemistry can be reasoned through, there are some things that have to be learned by brute memorization; benzene derivative nomenclature is one of these things. All of these compounds have systematic names, but the common names tend to be more widely (if not exclusively) used. (and let’s face it, the name ‘anisole’ is just cooler than ‘methoxybenzene’, you know?) 

Toluene (“methylbenzene”) is a liquid widely used as a nonpolar solvent. As toluene is thought to be noncarcinogenic, it has largely replaced benzene as a solvent.

Styrene (“vinyl benzene”) is a sweet-smelling liquid that is the precursor to polystyrene plastics. Styrene is produced industrially by the catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene.

Cumene (“isopropylbenzene”) is a liquid that is an intermediate in the synthesis of acetone and phenol from benzene and propylene (the cumene process). It is also occasionally used as a solvent.

Phenol (“hydroxybenzene”; formerly “carbolic acid”) is a transparent solid. Dilute solutions of phenol have antiseptic and analgesic properties, but concentrated solutions are corrosive and toxic.

Aniline (“phenylamine”, “aminobenzene”) is a fishy-smelling liquid. Aniline was originally isolated from the dye indigo, and can be used as a precursor for many dyes and pigments.

Anisole (“methoxybenzene”) is a liquid that smells faintly of anise. Anisole is used in the perfume industry as a starting material to synthesize many different fragrances.

Benzaldehyde (“benzenecarbaldehyde”) is a liquid that was first isolated from bitter almonds. Not surprisingly, benzaldehyde has a strong scent of almonds and can be used as a flavoring agent.

Benzoic acid is a solid that was first isolated from gum benzoin, a tree resin. Benzoic acid and its salts are often used as preservatives in acidic foods like fruit juice and carbonated drinks.

Benzamide is a solid, and is the amide of benzoic acid. Its primary use is as a precursor to other compounds, and is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry for this purpose.

Acetophenone (“phenyl methyl ketone”) is a pleasant-smelling liquid found naturally in many foods, such as bananas and apricots. It is often used in fragrances for this reason.

Benzonitrile (“cyanobenzene”) is a liquid that has a faint almond smell. It was first discovered as a decomposition product of ammonium benzoate and used as both a solvent and a reagent.

Benzenesulfonic acid is a solid produced by the sulfonation of benzene. Although it was formerly used to synthesize phenol, this purpose has been replaced by the cumene process.



Disney gender swaps by Sakimi Chan


Forget stardust—you are iron. Your blood is nothing but ferrous liquid. When you bleed, you reek of rust. It is iron that fills your heart and sits in your veins. And what is iron, really, unless it’s forged?

You are iron.

And you are strong.

Reblogged from little heart.


 three big evils

My takes on male maleficent, Male Ursula and female Hades.

I love painting fantasy and none human colored skin! Hope you guys like ^_^

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He has seen me


He has seen me
when I wake in the morning with messy hair and sleepy eyes,
where I would rather say in bed all day relaxing
but he still finds me lovely.

He has seen me
When I know I’m not going anywhere special, but I dress anyway
Where I get all dolled-up and adoring
but he still finds me lovely.

Read More

Reblogged from Teenager Quotes


Young Minerva McGonagall for Wizarding Wednesday.

Reblogged from MURPH






just my future husband bringing the girls to dance class..

This will most likely be me as a father

Future husband omg

well, this is adorable.

I need a husband like this

Reblogged from Yours Truly

I luh ya, Papi

Reblogged from Poison Paradise